#1 Kim, K.K. (2003). The Palliative Care Advanced Practice Nurse.
Journal of Palliative Medicine. 6 (5)
The article is analyzing the Advanced Practice Nurse (APN) concept and
the extent to which it has been embraced in the United States. The
concept originated from the United Kingdom and is slowly gaining
recognition in the United States. APN’s are registered nurses with
postgraduate education beyond nursing. Reimbursement is issued to adult
or family nurse practitioners who are certified by ANCC. In most US
states, APN’s prescription practice is limited, usually requiring
delegation from a collaborative physician. A consulting physician offers
medical directions where the decision requires skills outside the
APN’s scope. The skills and advanced knowledge of the APN makes puts
them in a better position to offer palliative care.
#2 Miami Dade County Department of Health, (2006). Breaking the silence:
Miami-Dade County Health Department’sResponse to Silence is Death
This is a response by Miami-Dade County Health Department to an article
released in 2006 by Florida’s Health Department highlighting the
HIV/AIDS epidemic among the Blacks in Florida. Prevalence to HIV/AIDS
was found to be higher among Blacks compared to other communities. The
high prevalence and resulting mortality caused Miami-Dade County to be
called to action. This document analyses the resources needed to
increase awareness and enhance preventive measures. It also outlines
three steps to be followed in achieving those objectives as well as
budgetary, research and partnership prospects.
#3 Florida Department of Health. Miami-Dade County enhanced
comprehensive HIV Prevention Plan (ECHPP) at a glance.
The ECHPP was developed to intervene into the Miami-Dade HIV pandemic.
ECHPP was developed by the Health Department of Florida in collaboration
with the Health Department of Miami-Dade. The Health Department of
Florida contracted the Health Council of South Florida to oversee the
implementation of the plan. The document contains the five steps that
were followed the development of the ECHPP. The plan targets areas
hardly hit by HIV/AIDS. Fourteen public health areas that require
intervention and the recommended strategies for each are outlined. Full
implementation of the plan is expected to result in reduction HIV
transmission in Miami-Dade.
#4 Olga, M.V.L., Szonja V., Deborah, L.J., Eliot, L, & Stephen, M.W.
(2011). A Cultural Perspective on Sexual Health: HIV Positive and
Negative Monolingual Hispanic Women in South Florida. Hispanic Health
Care International. 9 (2)
This document analyses the impact of Hispanic culture on women. It
points out several beliefs that affect HIV awareness and preventive
strategies in Miami-Dade which is predominantly Hispanic. New
Opportunities for Women (NOW) en Espanola project is introduced. The
project targets Spanish-speaking women to assist them reduce the risk of
contracting HIV in light of the prevalent beliefs and culture. Results
of the project are outlined, most being responses from HIV positive
Hispanic women. Women’s communication on sexual issues is limited, and
HIV stigma is exceptionally high compared to other communities.
Recommendations for future studies involving a similar group are given.
#5 Jes ´us S´anchez, PhD Georgina Silva-Suarez, MPH Claudia A.
Serna, MPH Mario De La Rosa, PhDThe, (2012). Latino Migrant Worker HIV
Prevention Program: Building a Community Partnership through a Community
Health Worker Training Program. Fam Community Health. 35(2).
Latino Migrant Workers are at a higher risk of infection. Research has
attributed this to migration which increases vulnerability to HIV
infection attributable to economic transitions and complexities of the
host country’s health systems. The public health attention given to
these migrants is low compared to other communities. There are five
reasons that make focus on LMW’s a complicated process. A
community-based participatory research named Project Salud was conducted
among LMW’s funded by the National Institute on Minority Health. The
research findings lead to the creation of LMW HIV Prevention Program.
Despite the limitations of community-based participatory research,
Project Salud made great steps towards promoting health and HIV
#6 Sande G.J., (2005). The Caribbean/West Indies Cultural Competency
Program for Florida Nurses Implications for HIV/AIDS Prevention and
Treatment. The Journal of Multicultural Nursing & Health. 11 (1)
The facts behind this article are the Caribbean’s high prevalence to
HIV and the cultural competency concerns of health care providers. The
Caribbean/West Indies culture is analyzed. A program to survey the
islanders’ health priorities and the barriers to the achievement of
these priorities was conducted twice. From the survey, four priority
health needs and six barriers to the priorities were identified. The
Caribbean/West Indies Cultural Competence program was developed for
nurses and student nurses. The eight objectives of the program aimed at
making them knowledgeable of the diversity of the Caribbean as they
carry out their practice.
#7 The Health Council of South Florida, (2008). Racial and Ethnic Health
Disparities in Miami-Dade County.
This is a report that was prepared to be used for assessment of
community health status in Miami-Dade County. Disparities among the
population are calculated, the demographic composition being shared by
White Hispanics, Non-Hispanic whites and Blacks. The disparities are
pointed out by the ten causes of death outlined for the county. Further
differences are seen from thirteen analyzed social-economic aspects.
Health disparities are defined and a description on how to measure and
report them offered. The community was induced to report on their health
status and lifestyle practices through a survey called ‘Living
Healthy, Living Longer’. Results from the survey were reported and
recommendations on how to reduce the imminent disparities offered.
#8 CDC Vital Signs, (2010). HIV Testing in the United States
This document provides facts about HIV infection and testing in the
United States. Routine HIV status testing is recommended in a medical
setting. There are three main HIV-testing problems identified in the
United States. CDC offers precise testing guidelines to adults and
adolescents, people at increased risk and women. Recommendations are
given in the form of actions that each stakeholder can take to promote
HIV testing. The stakeholders addressed are individuals, doctors,
communities, state and local health departments and the US Government.
#9 Spencer, L., Mary J.T., Thomas M.L., Lisa, C., & Javier R., (2006).
HIV/AIDS Patients Who Move to Urban Florida Counties Following a
Diagnosis of HIV: Predictors and Implications for HIV Prevention.
Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine,
Pros and cons of HIV/AIDS patient’s migration are addressed.
Interstate and international migration has largely contributed to the
HIV dissemination and made diagnosis and post-diagnosis care complex. A
brief survey was administered to HIV patients attending public clinics
in five urban Florida counties. The survey captured demographic, year of
diagnosis, HIV exposure category and socio-economic status details.
Various reasons for migration were identified and groups of people that
are likely to migrate. Migration was found to be common, and certain
risk characteristics are associated with it. The study reported the
implications in-migration poses. These implications need to be well
understood and carefully considered while preparing HIV prevention
programs and services.
#10 Emma J. Brown, PhD, RN, (2002). Recruitment Feasibility and HIV
Prevention Intervention Acceptability Among Rural North Florida Blacks.
Journal of Community Health Nursing, 19(3)
The problem was the need for intervention among the rural Blacks in
Florida. Little efforts in the past combined with the high prevalence to
HIV/AIDS necessitated the creation of an intervention program in this
area. Rural communities lack resources to support such interventions
while some are reluctant to participate owing to lack of privacy and
fear of stigmatization. The main focus of this article was to analyze
the process and outcome of the feasibility of black’s recruitment for
participation in HIV prevention program. Outreach workers recruited
participants. The test program was conducted in three counties targeting
one hundred Black adults. Results from the program indicated that it was
possible to conduct successful HIV prevention interventions with rural
populations including rural Blacks.
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