Betrayal of Julius Caesar Outline

Introduction 2
Character of Caesar and Beliefs 2
The Conspiracy 3
The Assassination and Funeral 4
Caesar’s Vengeance and Legacy 5
Works Cited 6
Betrayal of Julius Caesar
In Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, betrayal leads to the death of Julius
Caesar and Brutus. Cassius’ anger is the main source of this betrayal
there are instances of Cassius` deceitfulness before and after
Caesar’s death. The first betrayal occurs when Caesar is stripped of
his statues by Flavius and Marullus. The two conspirators believe this
will awaken Caesar to his position in the political world and make
Caesar withdraw from his high position in society. However, this is only
the beginning of betrayal in this play. Cassius is the main conspirator,
who turns Brutus against Caesar. Cassius sets out to deceive Brutus by
portraying Caesar as an ignoble character. Even Caesar’s best friend,
Mark Antony acts as a traitor, shaking the hands of Caesar’s
assassins. Shakespeare demonstrates that striving for excessive power is
the root of betrayal.
Character of Caesar and Beliefs
The betrayal and tragic death of Caesar does catch the audience by
surprise due to the arrogance that Caesar portrayed to the rest of the
characters (Bloom and Pamela 77). Caesar never showed remorse for
anything that he said, and this level of arrogance prompted retaliation
from other people. However, there were many reasons that made people
love Caesar including the victory that he brought to Rome against the
Pompey army (Sexton et al 47). During the time of betrayal, Caesar had
just returned from the battle, and people were gathering to celebrate
his victory and congratulate him.
Though Caesar was arrogant, it is imperative to mention that this
character was a noble person who was not greedy for power or material
possession. These qualities that Caesar had were witnessed when he
refused to accept the crown of being the roman emperor. The belief in
supernatural powers and superstitious interpretation of events was
another aspect of the life of Caesar (Al-Dabbagh 88).
The Conspiracy
Imperatively, Cassius was the mastermind of a conspiracy that resulted
to betrayal and assassination of Caesar. Despite the fact that Caesar
failed to accept the crown as the roman emperor, Cassius worked
extremely hard to convince Brutus that Caesar was overambitious.
According to Cassius, people with such high degrees of ambition should
not be allowed to take power, in Rome (Sexton et al 56). People with
unregulated ambition threatened the peace of Rome and the Roman citizens
and should be killed before they get a chance to administrate the Roman
Empire. Unlike Cassius, Brutus was an honourable and loyal man who was
not willing to wash down his loyalty to Rome over speculations
(Hollingsworth et al 67).
In the night that follows this incident, Rome is engulfed by extreme
weather conditions, which were characterized by fireballs dropping from
the sky (Shakespeare and Mary 122). Though the roman citizens believe
that the weather was an inauspicious omen, Cassius asserted that the
weather was a warning to the evil men as Caesar, and they were the only
ones who were supposed to fear (Bloom and Pamela 79). As the conspiracy
to betray and assassinate Caesar progressed, Cassius managed to convince
Brutus that killing Caesar was an act of good faith for Rome. The rest
of the members of the conspiracy felt that it would have been effective
to include the friends of Caesar in the list of the people to die, but
Brutus objected with an argument that many people should not suffer
because of the misdeeds of an individual (Al-Dabbagh 88). Brutus felt
that an individual should be held accountable for contributing to the
downfall of Rome, and this should not include the innocent people
(Shakespeare and John 102).
The Assassination and Funeral
Several people tried to warn Caesar of conspiracy to kill him including
his wife who shared a horrible dream that she had about the death of
Caesar. However, Decius, who was one of the conspirators, convinced
Caesar that the dream had nothing to do with his death but was indeed
the actions of Caesar to save Rome. The entire attempts to inform Caesar
of the impending death failed, and he was stabbed to death, by all the
conspirators. No other person was killed during that the incidence and
the conspirators were convinced that their actions would be recognized
as patriotic and heroic (Bloom and Pamela 77).
However, the truth unfolded during the funeral ceremony of Caesar when
Anthony spoke of the greatness and noble nature of Caesar (Shakespeare
and Mary 122). The man was always willing to sacrifice all that he had
for the sake of the Roman people. This speech defeated the reasons that
Brutus gave for murdering Caesar, and the crowd was outraged. The crowd
swept the streets in search of the conspirators, and most of them were
killed (Sexton et al 57). A serious battle broke between the
conspirators and their army and the people who were seeking vengeance
for Julius Caesar.
Caesar’s Vengeance and Legacy
Brutus realized that he made a mistake accepting the ideas of Cassius to
kill Caesar when Cassius defended a man who was caught taking bribes
(Shakespeare and John 112). This incidence brought disagreements between
the two conspirators, and eventually they refused to cooperate in the
ensuing battle. As the armies of the two conspirators were overwhelmed,
by Anthony and Octavius, the key masterminds commit Cassius committed
suicide and Brutus asked his body guard to kill him (Hollingsworth et al
67). Anthony shook hands with murderers of his friend as a gesture of
acceptance of their plans and actions of killing Caesar. However, this
gesture served to convince the assassins that Anthony was on their side
thus gave him a chance to address the crowd, which attended the funeral.
This chance proved significant as the crows turned against the
assassins and hunted them down to pay for their crimes. Eventually,
Anthony ensured that the death of Caesar was avenged, and his legacy
ran, down the numerous generations to come.
Works Cited
Al-Dabbagh, Abdulla. Shakespeare, the Orient, and the Critics. New York:
Peter Lang, 2010. Print.
Bloom, Harold, and Pamela Loos. Julius Caesar. New York: Bloom`s
Literary Criticism, 2008. Internet resource.
Hollingsworth, Tamara, William Shakespeare, and Harriet Isecke. William
Shakespeare`s the Tragedy of Julius Caesar. Huntington Beach, CA:
Teacher Created Materials, 2010. Print.
Sexton, Adam, Hyeondo Park, and William Shakespeare. Shakespeare`s
Julius Caesar. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley, 2008. Internet resource.
Shakespeare, William, and John D. Cox. Julius Caesar. Peterborough, Ont:
Broadview, 2012. Print.
Shakespeare, William, and Mary E. Snodgrass. Shakespeare on the
Double!tm Julius Caesar. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2006. Internet
resource.
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