The practice of Judaism before the coming of Jesus times of Abraham and Moses
Judaism is the Jews religion that was started by Moses. These are rules that followed after Moses went to Mount Sinai. The Jews were supposed to follow these rules without fail (Finlay 13).
Moses was brought up at the Pharaoh`s palace by the will of God. God wanted him to save His people from Exile. Moses was faithful to his God and he managed to do so. The journey from Egypt was not smooth. The Israelites would doubt the same God who is rescuing them from slavery. The same God who saved their sons when all the male children were supposed to be killed. The same God who helped Moses perform all those Miracles in order for them to be released from Egypt. To them, the journey was supposed to be smooth. They walked for long distance on their way to Canaan. Some of them could wish they stayed back in Egypt (Avis 15). That is how human beings forget. God helps you out of a situation and you do not even appreciate instead you repay Him by mocking His generosity to us. God is a merciful God. He showered the people of Israel with manner from Heaven. They did not hassle for the food all they needed was to eat what they could and leave the rest. They were not allowed to keep the food because God would provide the manner every single day (Finlay 27). God is a wonderful God, He is there for Us whenever we need them and even after running from Him, He finds us and brings us back to Him. The challenge they put to Moses was too much. He had to pray for God`s mercy in order for the Israelites to be spared. He had come with them from far and he was determined to ensure they reached Canaan safe and sound. Though he did not manage to reach Canaan, he saw it from a distance and he was sure Aaron would take them there by the will of God. “And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink? Exodus 15: 12” (Davis & Ben 34)
Before Moses went for Prayers the Jews were fine and obedient to their religion as required of them. When Moses went for prayers so he can know how to lead his people, he found that they had gone astray by the time he got back. Monotheism was not allowed in Israel but they started practicing it any way. Various people in Israel started worshipping other gods. They had lost faith of their God the God of Moses because they were not patient. They said that the God of Moses had left them and that is why they were suffering (Davis and Ben 39). They could make sacrifices for these gods just as they made sacrifices for the God of Moses.
On arrival of Moses from Mt. Sinai, he was disappointed with his people. They had failed him majorly. He could not believe that the Israelites could lose their faith like that. God had shown them great mercy and they repay him by worshipping other gods. He came with the covenant that contained the Ten Commandments. He was so disappointed that he broke the covenant into pieces.
Moses summoned all Israel and said:
Hear, Israel, the decrees and laws I declare in your hearing today. Learn them and be sure to follow them. [2 ]The Lord our God made a covenant with us at Horeb. [3 ]It was not with our ancestors[[a]] that the Lord made this covenant, but with us, with all of us who are alive here today. [4 ]The Lord spoke to you face to face out of the fire on the mountain. 5 (At that time I stood between the Lord and you to declare to you the word of the Lord, because you were afraid of the fire and did not go up the mountain, Deuteronomy 5 (Ginzberg 40).
Abraham is one of the greatest men in the Bible who lived for long. He was blessed with a child at a very old age when he almost gave up. He was married to Sarah. They did not believe they could bear a child at that age. God is a wonderful God and He is faithful to His people. Just when you are about to give up, he comes and rescues you. When you think everything is gone and there is nothing left to live for, He gives you life and a reason to live for. Abraham and Sarah had lived for more than a hundred years. In the 21[st] century people barely reach 50 years (Nee 24). Those days of Abraham were just amazing people could live for more than 100 years. They never gave up, they kept praying and praying every single day that God may enable them to get a child. God always keeps his promises He never fails.
When God gave Abraham a son whom he named Isaac, He decided to test his faith by requesting him to sacrifice the very son. Abram was obedient and loyal to God. God gave him Isaac and if He wanted him back, he had no dispute with that after all we are his creatures (Nee 37). His word says that were are all the same in His eyes because He made us from His image.
Abraham passed the test and God gave his a sheep to sacrifice instead of his son Isaac. The Holy Book says that He cannot give us a burden that we cannot carry. All we need is to take the challenge positively knowing that He is looking out for us at all times. He never abandoned Abraham and so if we have the same faith as Abraham, He will never leave us at any given point in life.
The God of Abraham is a wonderful and forgiving God. He is a jealous God but a God that forgives and forgets. Abraham had a child outside marriage with the maid (Nee 40). God did not punish Him for this and instead He gave him a son with Sarah. This teaches us that we should forgive those who wrong us and forget just like God who is our creator. Abraham fell facedown he laughed and said to himself, “Will a son be born to a man a hundred years old? Will Sarah bear a child at the age of ninety? Genesis 17:17” (Avis 45)
In conclusion, Moses and Abraham were used by God to deliver messages to His people. They were faithful and loyal to Him. That is why He never failed them at any given point. He answered all their prayers though at His own time God`s time is the best time.
Finlay, Timothy D. The Birth Report Genre in the Hebrew Bible. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2005. Print.
Avis, Malcolm C. Hebrew Bible Manuscripts in the Cambridge Genizah Collections: Incorporating Material Compiled by H. Knopf. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Libr, n.d.. Print.
Davis, Malcolm C, and Ben Outhwaite. Taylor-schechter Additional Series 1 – 31. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008. Print.
Ginzberg, Louis. The Legends of the Jews: Vol. 6. Baltimore [u.a.: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2008. Print.
Nee, Watchman. The God of Abraham, Isaac & Jacob. Anaheim, Calif: Living Stream Ministry, 2009. Print.