Education Spending in the United States as Social Welfare

Education Spending in the United States as Social Welfare
Social welfare is the well being of the entire society and more
concerned with quality of life that involves factor like availability of
essential social services, level of crime, quality of the environment,
religious and spiritual aspects in life. In the United States of
America, there are social programs designed to assist the wants of the
individuals (Esping-Andersen, 1991). The programs are aided by the
Federal, State and the local government in conjunction with the private
organizations. These programs help in the provision of food, shelter,
education and healthcare. There are subsidies to education, housing and
health care Social Security System is the largest and most popular
social aid program. In this context, I will expound on education
spending.
Education spending
In the United States, public education is managed by individual state,
regional school districts. As in other developed countries, secondary
and primary education is universal, mandatory and free, though parents
have the home-schooling option for their children but not in all states,
for example, in California it is illegal to home- school your kid since
2008 (Esping-Andersen, 1991). There are experimental programs, which
give low income parents option of using government vouchers to school
their kids in private schools (Barr, 2004).
By 2007, more than 80% of all secondary and primary school students were
enrolled in public schools (Barr, 2004). Tertiary education is
subsidized and not free the subsidies come from the federal government
and individual states. A number of costs incurred in public institutions
is compensated by the state. The federal government provides subsidized
loans, scholarships and tuition (Welfare Reform History Timeline, 2009).
The appropriate level of government to manage the education sector is
the individual state when funded partially by the federal government
(Welfare Reform History Timeline, 2009). In the education proposal by
the democrats, they aim at increasing financial aid and subsidizing
costs to make public tertiary education universal and free.
References
Barr, N. (2004). Economics of the Welfare State. New York: Oxford
University Press, USA.
Esping-Andersen, G. (1991). The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism.
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
“Welfare Reform History Timeline – 1900s to current United States.”
SearchBeat. Web. 12 Oct. 2009. < HYPERLINK
“Http://society.searchbeat.com/welfare9.htm”
Http://society.searchbeat.com/welfare9.htm >.
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