Ethics and Observation

Observation plays a critical role in the society we operate. It is clear that, although observation can only inform us on what took place and not what ought to have taken place, it does not necessarily translate that, it cannot be employed in moral theories such as when one sees children take gasoline and ignite a cat and then think it is wrong. When one holds a certain moral view, consciously or unconsciously, there is the ability to perceive wrongness and rightness among other aspects. Therefore, observation relies on theory, though this varies depending on what is being observed. For instance, in order to recognize a child, one has to be aware of the various stages of human development.
When theory is opted in ethics and an error occurs as a result of biasness, observation is then used, after which the theory is modified. Therefore, in both ethics and science, general principles are evoked, with the aim of explaining particular cases. However, as compared to ethics, observation is crucial in science as assumptions have to be made on particular physical fact. For instance, a physicist relies on background beliefs when he/she sees vapor in a certain chamber and then thinks, “There goes a proton”. In this case, the physicist eventually includes references not only to her initial background beliefs, but also to the reasons that a proton was going around the chamber under observation. However, we can perfectly explain the observation that setting a cat on fire is regarded as wrongly perfect-indeed, better without any need of referring to moral facts. Therefore, this can be better be explained by just pointing at our moral beliefs. Based on the above, it is evident that observation is significant, both in ethics and science.
Work Cited
Harman, Gilbert. Ethics and Observation. 2007. Print.