Female Orgasm and the theory of Natural Selection

Female Orgasm and the theory of Natural Selection
Evolutionary biology explains the biochemical and morphological process
that result in generation of new plant and animal species. Evolutionary
biology describes the origin and existence of diverse living things by
evaluating the descent of various species (Futuyma, 2009). This is
accomplished through a series of theories advanced by different
scientists. The natural selection is one of the theories that explain
the propagation of biological traits within a given population by the
function of differential reproduction of the trait bearers. This essay
address the application of functionalism to female orgasm as explained
in the theory of natural selection.
Biological functionalism refers to the concept, which asserts that the
presence of certain traits in a given population is a natural means of
solving some hypothetically designed problem (Grice, 2011). Biological
functionalism uses the concept of addictiveness to explain the presence
of some traits at the gene level. This accomplished by indicating how
traits develop as a means of survival. Consequently, functionalism acts
as an elaboration of the natural selection because organisms that do not
develop the necessary traits to adapt to a given challenge are naturally
eliminated from the population. Futuyma (2009) suggested that the
concept of functionalism has relevance both in science and religion. In
addition, the Christian belief acts as a presupposing of science. This
implies that the advanced knowledge of nature and functionalism as
explained in science enhances the divine intelligence. This means that
the religious explanation of human development and survival should be
explained within the scientific framework of the functional approach.
The Darwin’s theory of natural selection states the he strong members
of the population survive. The members of the population gain their
strength to survive through variations that enable them to handle
various circumstances (Futuyma, 2009). For instant, some members of a
given population may have increased functionality of some organs that
enhance their capacity to cope with some emerging environmental. The
size of giraffe neck can be explained by the adaptation to reach for
tall trees during the drought. The continued use of the neck to search
for food resulted in a progressive increase in its neck and the death of
the animals that could not reach the tall trees for food. However, the
theory of natural selection is incompatible with the religious theory of
creation. This is because the theory of selection undermines the
deists’ belief, which holds that God directly intervenes occasionally
to improve and repair the existing population. On the other hand, the
natural selection theory holds that changes within the species occur as
a means of adaptation to some circumstances (Grice, 2011).
Lloyd concludes that the theory of natural selection has no relevance to
female orgasm. This is because female without orgasm would extinct if
the principle of natural selection was applied. The extinction would
occur because women without orgasm would have the urge for sex, and this
would reduce their chances of becoming pregnant. They would not
reproduce and eventually their generation would extinct.
The negative evidence provided in by Lloyd disputes the suggestions of
the theory of female orgasm. The theory of female orgasm holds that
female orgasm is a by-product of male orgasm. This implies that female
orgasm varies with male orgasm at the genetic level. Additionally, the
theory of female orgasm holds that female orgasm plays a key role in
determining female attraction to male and enhances the capacity to take
appropriate care of their offspring. However, Lloyd disagree with the
assertions of the female theory of orgasm by giving an example that
women without orgasm still get pregnant and handle their offspring with
care (Lloyd, 2005). While explaining the by-product theory, Lloyd holds
that orgasm is a highly selected trait in men while their female
counterparts retain some inherent capacity to develop orgasm (Lloyd,
2005).
Reference
Futuyma, J. (2009). Natural selection and adaptation. Sunderland:
Sinauer Incorporation.
Grice, R. (2011). How functionalism differs from structuralism. Andover:
Helium, Inc.
Lloyd, E. (2005, 24 December). All in mind: The perplexing case of
female orgasm. Australian Broadcast Corporation. Retrieved March 5,
2013, from
http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/allinthemind/the-perplexing
-case-of-the-female-orgasm/3443092
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