There has been much debate over the advantages and disadvantages of Intelligence Quotient testing as a measure of human intelligence. IQ is thought to be quite helpful by some people and inappropriate by others. IQ tests are extensively utilized by various people for evaluating social and professional competencies in addition for identifying people with certain pathologies that relate to speaking, writing or cognitive capabilities of people.
Pro & Cons of IQ Tests for measuring Intelligence
In view of the fact that an IQ test is capable to find out the human scores in the various fields of intelligence, the individuals can apply these results to identify their strengths, and thus would be able to know what fields need improvement. The supporters of IQ tests only take into account literacy and numeracy to be intelligent. Thus, for them it is all about cognitive skills. On the contrary, intelligence is stated as an indistinct word and cannot be assessed through IQ tests. Walter Lippmann stated:
“We cannot measure intelligence when we have not defined it” (Block & Dworkin, 1976).
The aim of IQ tests is solely to help low capacity children with additional intellectual assistance. Thus, IQ scores are dependable in determining the students with good mental analysis & language and not the assessment of intelligence. Alfred Binet (1903) stated that IQ test did not help in measuring intelligence, in view of the fact intellectual traits were superposed and as such could not be evaluated similar to the linear surfaces.
Holt was of the view that “Intelligence is not a measure of how much we know how to do, but of how we behave when we don`t know what to do. It has to do with our ability to think up questions and then to find ways to get useful answers” (Holt, 1981).
Standardized Test & Standardized Result
IQ tests for measuring human intelligence imply that each individual examined for test would realize results on an equal chance regardless of their environments. Nevertheless, the critics of IQ tests state that if it is so, then why there are dissimilar results. The rationale is that these IQ tests do not take into consideration the environment where they are being performed. As well, they do not consider the uneasiness being experienced by many individuals when performing the tests.
IQ tests are quite useful means to predict a certain level the individual performances as well personal and professional success. However, people are much inclined to take IQ test scores at the face value, without considering at a wider choice of details about a person`s skills. They are likely to generalize the non-intelligence issues. Hence, to take IQ tests for an accurate measure of intelligence is critically mistaken. The IQ tests are limited in scope as they do not truly assess all aspects of intelligence.
Binet, A. (1903). L`étude expérimentale de l`intelligence. Lieu d`édition, Paris.
Block, N. & Dworkin, G. (1976). The IQ controversy. New York: Random House.
Holt, J. (1981). Teach Your Own: The John Holt Book of Homeschooling. New York.
IQ as a measure of Intelligence Author`s Name