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General psychology is the branch of science that study and interpret human behavior. On the other hand, Neuropsychology is a specialty branch of psychology that concentrates on the cognitive procedures of the human brain. Whilst the general psychology tests seek to assess the unusual behavior in patients, neuropsychological tests have the exclusive aim to study the aptitude of the mind and brain to deliberate, to memorize, to reason, to learn and to understand. Both the fields of psychology are interconnected and interrelated to realize better outcomes of human behaviors.
Psychological Tests
General psychology tests comprise of various tests. The results of these tests are evaluated to standard results, realized from the reactions of a standard group. The standard group generally comprises of people of the cohort age and grades of the patients.
Neuropsychological Tests
Neuropsychological tests try to find out medical syndromes related to issues of the brain. Moreover, these tests aim to assess short- and long-term memory operations, analytical capabilities, attention period, language identification, speech competency, cognitive skills and dexterity. In older people, neuropsychological tests may show early indications of dementia.
Reasons for Testing
General Psychology tests are recommended as methods to assist the patients` working in the society and analyze different behavioral patterns. Psychologists apply general psychological tests to offer work-related counseling to the potential candidates as well as to assist the businesses employing the most suitable persons for the jobs. Neuropsychological tests, in contrast, are applied to diagnose the damage caused to the brain as result brain injuries and other medical syndromes. The results of these neuropsychological tests establish the type of treatment that would be offered to the patients.
Advancements in Neuroscience as a Discipline
The significance of Neuroscience in the diagnoses of people who have experienced stroke or brain injury is significantly studied (Ponsford et al., 1995). The brain injury hospitalization shows that in Britain 200-300 people sustained head injuries in a population of 100,000 people (Jennett & MacMillan, 1981).
Neuroscience field is constantly helping the human understanding of the configuration and working of the brain. The modern developments in the neuroscience technology have helped the scientists to find out better the human brain working. In spite of the great advancements in this field, the modern research has not been able to find an application in theory and practice of education. Yet, neuroscience has been able to make significant contributions in the field of learning.
Jennett, B., & MacMillan, R. (1981). Epidemiology of head injury. British Medical Journal, 282, 101 – 104.
Ponsford, J., Sloan, S., & Snow, P. (1995). Traumatic brain injury: Rehabilitation for everyday adaptive living. Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum.