Perspectives and Opinions of Different Parties about Fiber Optic

Technology
Perspectives and Opinions of Different Parties about Fiber Optic
Technology
Information technology is one of the fields that have recorded a
significant advancement in the recent decades. Fiber optics, though an
old technology has been improved and its utility maximized to benefit
the society in different aspects of development. The basic principle
(guiding light by refraction) behind the application of fiber optics was
demonstrated in 1840 by Daniel Colladon and Jacques Babinet (Massa,
2000). Since then, fiber optic technology has gone through several
stages of development including the image transmission through tubes in
1920, development of fiber optics based gastroscope in 1956, and
innovation to facilitate the use of graded-index optical fiber in the
field of communication in 2004 (Brooker, 2003). The recent development
in the fiber optic technology involved the innovative minimized loss of
light properties in the optical fibers by use of highly purified silica
glass. However, despite these technological developments, different
groups in the society have expressed different views about the use of
fiber optic technology. This paper will address the alternative
perspectives of from experts, political implications, public opinion,
and risk assessment of fiber optic technology.
Perspectives of experts in fiber optic technology
Different research and electronics production companies have viewed the
fiber optic technology as the suitable alternative to enhance their
competitiveness in the market. To this end, different firms are
competing to develop the most efficient devices using fiber optic
principles. Many technological experts view fiber optic technology as a
solution transmission hiccups. This is because fiber optic allows the
transmission of light over long distance with high reduced attenuation
(Tseng, 2001). This has resolved the challenges presented by the
traditional electrical cables. In addition, the development of Erbium
doped fiber amplifiers provided a base for technical to increase the
amount of messages transmitted at one time via optical fibers compared
to the electrical cables. Technical experts are currently advancing the
scientific principles innovated at the University of Southampton by
David Payne to achieve simultaneous amplification of optical pulses
(Cisco System Incorporation, 2011). The development has allowed the
experts to increase the data carrying capacity of optical fiber to 400
GB /s with a hope for further enhancement.
The rapid development in the optical technology has paved way for
technical experts to replace the old technology with more efficient and
effective means of transmission. The digital revolution is among the
greatest achievements that have created the information age.
Application of optical fiber in digital technology has allowed
researchers and technology companies to overcome the challenges that
were presented by analog technology. Some of the technical challenges
that were eliminated include the loss of energy during analog
transmission, distortion of messages, fluctuating electrical
disturbance, and additional noise in the cable based message
transmission (Tseng, 2001). Digitalized transmission resulted in binary
coding of transmitting electrical signals, which have allowed the
technical experts to conquer different aspects in various fields such as
medical surgery, worldwide internet traffic, business management and
control, as well the revolutionized music and entertainment industry.
Political implications and influences
The political system is a key player in technological advances with the
main role being to make laws and policies that regulate the ownership
and transmission of technological innovations. This is mainly
accomplished by setting up of standards for quality products, setting up
of rules that either facilitate the propagation of beneficial technology
of preventing the spread harmful technological advances (Hoynes, 2003).
The aggressive research and development in the fiber optic technology
has created unwarranted competition that may undermine the utility of
this promising technology in the future. To this end, policy makers have
the role of ensuring the existence of a healthy competition especially
among the telecommunication service providers. The main cause of high
competition resulted from the entry of new investment companies in the
field of telecommunication, thus distorting the monopoly. The recent
destabilization of the monopoly in telecommunication is the attempted
control of the internet browser market by the Microsoft Corporation
(Hoynes, 2003). The political system should intervene by regulating the
boundaries of monopolistic practices. This will ensure the exploitation
of fiber optic technology in competitive practices that are within the
legal confines.
The technological advances related to the fiber optics cross the
national boundaries, thus necessitating the development of policies that
regulate the distribution of fiber based technology. This is a matter of
significant concern to internet service providers and distributors of
various media products (Busch, 2012). The foremost concern that has
resulted in significant political interventions is the social
implication that results from the ease of access of rarely controlled
information. The government of China has regularly expressed its
concerns about the misappropriation of fiber based technology
particularly in telecommunications and internet services. The government
of China has tried to regulate the media content through legislation
that requires that all the internet service providers are duly
registered, and their operations are regulated. The advances in fiber
optic technology have facilitated a fast transmission of a large amount
of messages for long distance without distortion (Brooker, 2003). This
has reduced the control of media content, thus raising the issue of
political and social implications caused by the advance in technology.
Public opinion about fiber optic technology
Technological advances in fiber optic technology have benefits to
different groups in society. First, the media fatality has gained a
significant boost in the last few decades of innovations based on fiber
optics. Some of the positive aspects of fiber optic technology that
have revolutionized the media sector include the enhanced capacity to
transmit large number of messages for a long distance within a short
time. This is a significant improvement compared to other forms of
technology such as electrical cables. Google incorporation is one of the
companies that have gained a competitive edge among the internet
providing companies following the deterministic exploitation of fiber
technology. Andrei (2012) reported that the application of fiber
technology by Google Incorporation has enhanced its internet services by
100 times compared to the traditional broadband. The fiber technology
has increased the download speed to 1,000 Mbps. In addition, the fiber
technology will improve the United States’ 26 th position in the
internet downloading speed, in the world rank.
The technological benefits accruing to the media companies are passed to
consumers and the entire community. The spread of internet connections
in different parts of the world has decentralized the media ownership
(Massa, 2000). Consequently, the wide media ownership has created a
diver form and content of information that is availed to the community.
The capacity of fiber-based technology to transmit large amount of
information across the globe have globalized the world and destroyed the
information homogeneity. This has been achieved through the
community’s enhanced capacity to access a diverse informational
content from different parts of the world. In addition, the faster
access and diverse form and content of information have benefited the
scholars and researchers because they can access the different points of
view and the achievements made by other researchers in a given aspect of
research (Hoynes, 2003). The information can be obtained faster, at a
cheaper price and with high quality.
Initial planning and risk assessment of application and usage of fiber
optic technology
Technological advances targets at enhancing service delivery to the
community. To this end, the application of technology should not cause
any forms of hazard to the community. The successive application of
fiber-based technology at the device level required the development of
new topologies that would ensure effective risk management for
successful network operation (Cisco System Incorporation, 2011). This
would be achieved by use of fiber ring and linear topologies between
control panels in order to ensure environmental hardening and wire
management. In addition, the distribution of fiber optic cables could be
protected from environmental risk by use of legacy cables (Brooker,
2003). The flexibility and scalability of implementing fiber optic
cables can be enhanced by use of cabling topologies and patching
technologies. The significance of these topologies is to enhance the
operational efficiency of optic fiber networks that have already been
installed.
Conclusion
Fiber optic technology has created an impressive breakthrough in
different fields of economic, social, and political development. Fiber
optic, although it is an old technology, its utility and contribution in
turning the world into a global village has been realized in the recent
past. The high value attached to the fiber technology may continue to
attract stiff competition from technology companies. These companies
develop new appliances that are more efficient than those of other
companies. The ultimate result of the high competition is the rapid
spread of fiber optic technology. However, the role of the political
system in policy making and regulation of content and form of
information should not be used to undermine technological development.
This is because, despite the wide internet connectivity resulting from
advances made in fiber optic technology, and there are other benefits of
internet services such as enhanced research services. In addition, the
fiber optic technology has other applications including the medical
surgery and stock controls in large stores.
Reference
Andrei, C. (2012). How Google fiber could kill the competition.
Urbandale: DICE Holdings Incorporation. Retrieved March 13, 2013, from
http://news.dice.com/2012/08/01/google-fiber/
Brooker, G. (2003). Modern classical optics. New York: Oxford University
Press.
Busch, K. (2012). Political implications of the development of military
technology. Calgary: Village Square.
Cisco System Incorporation (2011). Fiber optic infrastructure
application guide: Deploying a fiber optic physical infrastructure to
support converged plant wide Ethernet / IP. San Jose: Publication ENET.
Hoynes, W. (2003). Industries, image, and audience. Thousand Oaks: Pine
Forge Press.
Massa, N. (2000). Fiber optic telecommunication: Fundamentals of
Photonics. Mansfield: University of Connecticut.
Tseng, E. (2001). Competition in fiber to the home: A technology and
policy assessment. Waterman: Brown University.
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