Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Thesis Statement: Understanding the causes and symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder in finding better treatments.
I. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
A. Can be experienced after a traumatic event that threatened one`s safety (Smith and Segal, 2013).
B. Signs may include flashbacks, occurrence of bad dreams, irrational feeling and emotional numbness (NIMH, 2009).
C. Causes may include exposure to traumatic incidents such as death of loved one, war, natural disasters, assault, and sexual or physical abuse (Smith & Segal, 2013).
II. Who would be likely to experience PTSD?
A. PTSD can be experienced by either men or women exposed to violence and disasters or any traumatic events (PsychGuide, 2009).
B. It can also affect people of all ages depending on the capability of the person to cope with stress and trauma (PsychGuide, 2009).
IV. What would be the effect of PTSD?
A. Physical Effects
1. Panic attacks associated with sweating, dizziness, nausea, racing or pounding heart, shaking and shortness of breath (Bisson & Segal, 2009).
B. Psychological
1. This may include panic attacks, severe avoidance behaviour, depression and suicidal thoughts (PsychGuide, 2009).
V. PTSD Treatment
A. Trauma focused
1. This treatment may include the individual trauma focused cognitive- behavioural therapy (TFCBT), eye movement desensitisation, reprocessing, stress management and the group trauma focused cognitive-behavioural therapy (Bisson & Andrew, 2009).
2. Enough evidence shown that this is more effective in addressing PTSD.
B. Non trauma-focused psychological treatments
1. This treatment may not be as effective as the trauma focused treatment (Bisson & Andrew,2009)
C. Prescription of medicine are also give to patients suffering from PTSD (Pitman, 2012).
D. Newest researches suggest the study of the cells and genetic materials as a possible treatment of PTSD (Pitman,, 2012).
Bisson, J. and Andrew, M. (2009). Psychological treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (Review). Retrieved from:
NIMH (2009). NIMH Fact Sheet Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Research. (online). Retrieved from: stress-disorder- research-fact-sheet/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-research- fact-sheet.pdf
Pitman, R. (2012). Biological studies of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. (pdf). Retrieved from:
PsychGuide. (2009). PTSD (Post- Traumatic stress Disorder). (online). Retrieved from:
Smith, M. and Segal, J. (2013). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Symptoms, Treatment and Self-Help for PTSD. (online). Retrieved from: ment.htm