Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is one of the commonest psychological problems that present themselves after individuals go through traumatic events. The disorder manifests itself after individuals go through psychologically traumatizing events and in this case, the hurricane led SJ and Craig to lose property and loved ones. Hurricane Katrina had devastating effects on people who experienced it and as a result, SJ and Craig who suffer from PSTD may present symptoms of the disorder in a number of ways.
People suffering from PTSD may experience insomnia (Rosen 66). They may spend a lot of their time thinking about the trauma they went through and would lack sleep. Lack of sleep is a direct effect of PTSD but it also results into other negative effects. People who lack sleep are more likely to be less productive in their daily lives and at their work stations. The fact that they do not rest like they should means they cannot work at optimum levels and they may also be highly irritable and angry. SJ and Craig may therefore experience these problems.
Another way through which PTSD manifests itself is through re-experiencing events that took place (Rosen 66). In this case, SJ and Craig may find themselves re-living the traumatic events that they went through during the hurricane. They may be trapped in the events of the hurricane meaning they cannot live past them.
The above symptoms may be classified differently. On one level, a patient with PTSD may exhibit hyperarousal symptoms (Rosen 67). This means that either of the patients could develop the “fight or flight” defense mechanisms. They may be extremely alert to threats associated with the traumatic event they experienced. SJ and Craig may exaggerate the magnitude of storms and live in extreme anxiety, may be aggressive and may lack optimum concentration.
A second category in which patients` symptoms may fall is intrusion (Rosen 67). SJ and Craig may experience intrusive thoughts and these are bound to recur. They may experience these thoughts at any time including times when they do not wish to think about what happened to them and their families, neighbors and friends. These patients may re-picture the traumatic events that they went through and may have nightmares related to the traumatic event they went through. People who highly value anniversaries of traumatic events and relive them may also be suffering from PTSD.
Constriction would also be a symptom of PTSD. People with PTSD may seek to numb themselves emotionally and dissociate themselves from the traumatic experiences they went through (Rosen 109). SJ and Craig may avoid things, people and places that remind them of what took place during the Hurricane.
PTSD has several negative effects on people who suffer from it. SJ and Craig cannot be as fruitful as they wish to be at their work places and their lives generally. This is because they get distracted by intrusive thoughts and may feel exhausted due to lack of sleep. They may also live restricted lives because they do not wish to meet people or visit places that remind them of what happened. The two may also not be able to socialize well with other people because they have emotional disorders. They easily get angry and aggressive and therefore people are likely to shun them.
SJ and Craig may give their family members a difficult time as a result of their emotional problems. It is highly likely that when they get angry they would direct their anger to family members. Family members would also be affected negatively in case they have to be woken up in the middle of the night as patients experience nightmares. People near the patients may also be restricted from visiting places and people that remind the patient of the traumatic even they went through.
SJ and Craig cope with the symptoms in a number of ways. Both of them at first tried to get over their problems individually but later on they sought help by seeing therapists. The two have also joined support groups and engage in activities that pass as healthy distractions such as reading and talking to people around them. They also exercise and have developed their sense of spirituality to help them get over their challenges.
SJ and Craig are only partially aware of the issues linked to the condition because they can however tell that there is a difference between the lives they led before the hurricane and that which they live after the hurricane. They are receiving treatment but are not fully conversant with the effects of prolonged PTSD and the result of failing to get standard treatment.
Their long-term prognoses are positive because they started receiving therapy in the early stages of PTSD. They are however likely to have residual effects and symptoms of PTSD in the long run. The two patients ought to complete therapy because the risk of failure and more negative effects of PTSD increase without proper treatment and completion of proposed treatment.
Works Cited
Rosen, Gerald. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Issues and Controversies. New York: Jon Wiley & Sons, 2004.