Why animals should be used in research

Currently, animals such as mice and rabbits are widely used in
scientific research. Medicine is the scientific discipline that
appropriates the most animal models to investigate the suitability of
various classes of proposed medicine in treating human diseases.
Scientists select the animals that share diseases or biological
functioning with human. In addition, animal models are used to test the
efficiency of therapeutic equipments. The controversy about the use of
animals in research arises from the fact that most of the animals either
die or they are subjected to unexpected health conditions during the
scientific trials. Despite these arguments, I feel that the
appropriation of animals in scientific research should continue because
of the three main reasons considered in this paper.
First, animals provide suitable models for advancing the scientific
knowledge of the biological functioning. The knowledge gained from the
scientific research can then be used to benefit human and animals. This
is because both animals and plants share most of the biological
processes including the gaseous exchange, basic metabolism, and
reproduction. To this end, the experiments designed using animals are
difficult to replicate using animal and plant models. The selected
animal samples (such as mice and rabbits) are easy to feed and monitor
their biological similarities over time (Giridharan 1-7). The detailed
scientific understanding gained from the animal models help scientist to
provide viable solutions to current and emerging challenges (including
diseases and environmental hazards) that hinder human life and
Secondly, the scientific research based on animal models provides the
suitable means of improving their traits to overcome the emerging
environmental challenges. This is of paramount significance to human and
animals. The improved animals are more resistant to disease, grow
faster, and endure harsh environmental conditions. This prevents the
extinction of some animal species through natural selection (Cooper
129-139). In addition, the increased quality and rate or reproduction of
animals that is achieved through research based on animal models ensures
the food security, thus reducing human starvation (Giridharan 1-7).
Moreover, scientist uses animal models to study the appropriate means of
increasing the quality and rate of animal products such as milk and
eggs. This is mostly done using biotechnological research. The ultimate
outcome of the research is the production of cost effective, nutritious,
and quality sources of food for human consumption.
Third, the use of animals in research helps in saving human life. This
is because animal models provide a suitable means of understanding the
detailed function of pharmaceutical products that are in the development
stages. Scientists are able to elucidate the metabolic and potential
side effects of the proposed drugs before they proceed to clinical
trials. The side effects that are identified at the early development
stages can then be eliminated through chemical modification or
prohibiting the use of the proposed drug in the treatment of human
sickness if the side effects are chronic. In addition, the in vitro
testing of drugs using isolated organs cannot provide sufficient
evidence about its safety before clinical trials (Trudy 1-2). The animal
models shield human beings from the side effects and death that would
have occurred if human beings were used for drug testing.
My central argument is a valid categorical syllogism. My study concludes
that the research based on human models
Advance the scientific knowledge
Results in improved animal and plant traits.
Therefore, animal-based research saves human life.
Table 1: Syllogism evaluation of use of animals in research
Form Shorthand
Some P1 is P2 P1iP2
Some C is P2 CiP2
Some C is not P2 CoP2
Some P1 is C P1iC
Some C is not P1 CoP1
Source: Author construction
Figure 1: Syllogism evaluation of use of animals in research
Source: Author construction
Works cited
Cooper, D., & Sachs, D. “Will the pig solve the transplantation
backlog?” Review of Medicine, 53.1 (2002): 129-139.
Giridharan, N. Use of animal in scientific research. New Delhi: Indian
Council of Medical Research, 2005.
Trudy, S. Marking of pest animals used in research. New South Wales: NSW
Department of Primary Industries, 2007.